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List of Abbreviations

AMTS                                      Abbreviated mental test score

AQP4                                       Aquaporin-4   

BECTS                                    Benign epilepsy with centro-temporal spikes

CADASIL                                Cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy

CLIPPERS                              Chronic lymphocytic inflammation with pontine perivascular enhancement responsive to steroids

CMAP                                     Compound motor action potential

CNS                                        Central nervous system

CSF                                         Cerebrospinal fluid

CT                                           Computed tomography

DSA                                        Digital subtraction angiography

DSM-V                                   Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition

DWI                                        Diffusion-weighted imaging

EMG                                       Electromyography

ESR                                         Erythrocyte sedimentation rate

FLAIR                                     Fluid attenuated inversion recovery

FDG- PET                              Fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography

FTDP-17                                 Frontotemporal dementia with parkinsonism linked to chromosome 17

GP                                           General practitioner

GTCS                                      Generalised tonic-clonic seizure

HTLV-1                                   Human T-lymphotropic virus 1

ICD-10                                    International Classification of Diseases, 10th edition

IV                                             Intravenous

MCA                                        Middle cerebral artery

MGUS                                     Monoclonal gammopathy of unknown significance

MOCA                                     Montreal Cognitive Assessment

MOG                                       Myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein

MRI                                         Magnetic resonance imaging

MRA                                        Magnetic resonance angiogram

NICE                                       National Institute for Health and Care Excellence

NIHSS                                     National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale

NMDAR                                  N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor

PAS                                         Periodic acid-Schiff

PCR                                         Polymerase chain reaction

RCC                                         Red cell count

REM                                        Rapid eye movement

SCA                                         Spinocerebellar ataxia

SMART                                   Stroke-like migraine attacks after radiation therapy

SNAP                                      Sensory nerve action potential

SOREMP                                Sleep-onset REM period

SPECT                                    Single photon emission computed tomography

SSRI                                        Serotonin-selective reuptake inhibitor

STIR                                        Short tau inversion recovery (also short T1 inversion recovery)

SUNCT                                   Short-lasting unilateral neuralgiform headache with conjunctival injection and tearing

SUNA                                     Short-lasting unilateral neuralgiform headache attacks with cranial autonomic features

SWI                                         Susceptibility-weighted imaging

SWAN                                    Susceptibility-weighted angiography

UPDRS                                   United Parkinson's disease rating scale

VGCC                                      Voltage-gated calcium channel

VGKC                                      Voltage-gated potassium channel     

VZV                                         Varicella zoster virus

WCC                                       White cell count

WISC                                      Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children

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